top of page
Raising Hands

COGNITIVE SKILLS

Cognitive Skills.png

YOUR BRAIN'S THINKING AND LEARNING CENTRE

Cognitive skills are the core skills your brain uses to think, read, learn, remember, reason, and pay attention. They all work together. The information comes through the senses and moves to the part of the brain we use to attend to everyday tasks at school, work and in our daily lives. 

Cognitive Skills is crucial for academic success.png

Did you know

You are NOT born with these SKILLS, they must be TAUGHT and DEVELOPED

Here’s a short description of each of your cognitive skills, as well as struggles you may be experiencing if one or more of these skills are weak

Sustained Attention.png

What it does: Enables you to stay focused and on task for sustained periods of time.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Many unfinished projects, jumping from task to task.

Selective Attention.png

What it does: Enables you to stay focused and on task, despite distractions.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Easily distracted.

Divided Attention.png

What it does: Enables you to remember information while doing two things at once.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Difficulty multitasking, and frequent mistakes.

Memory (1).png

LONG TERM MEMORY

What it does: Enables you to recall information stored in the past.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Forgetting names, poor test results, forgetting things you used to know.

SHORT TERM MEMORY

What it does: Enables you to retain information while in the process of using it.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Having to reread the directions in the middle of a project, difficulty following multi-step directions, and forgetting what was just said in a conversation.

Logic and Reasoning.png

What it does: It enables you to reason, form ideas, and solve problems.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Frequently asking, “What do I do next?” or saying, “I don’t get this,” struggling with mathematics, feeling stuck or overwhelmed.

Auditory Processing (1).png

What it does: It enables you to analyse, blend, and segment sounds.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Struggling to learn how to read, reading fluency, or reading comprehension.

Visual Processing.png

What it does: Enables you to think in visual images.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Difficulties understanding what you’ve just read, remembering what you’ve read, following directions, reading maps, and doing mathematic word problems.

Processing Speed.png

What it does: Enables you to perform tasks quickly and accurately.

Common problems when this skill is weak: Taking a long time to complete tasks for school or work, frequently being the last one in a group to finish something.

bottom of page